Light and Shadow


All objects of nature are made visible to the sight by the light of the sun shinning upon them. We see their color and texture more apparent in the light area.

The shadow planes will be those planes lying in or beyond the direction of light so that  the original source cannot reach them.

Break up your design into two groups. The object is to make all the lighted areas hold together as one group, as opposed to the shadow areas as another group. If the values of the two groups are not thus separated and held apart, the subject loses solidity and form and becomes visually confusing even if it is drawn very well. This is where most paintings fall apart. A safe approach is to make all the areas in the light a little lighter than you think you see them, and all areas in the shadow a little darker. If you break the two groups apart in your pencil sketch than you can refine in the painting stage. Sometimes it helps me to use black paper and draw with a white pencil the lights to see the light better. Also take your painting into a low lighted room and look at the values. Color sometimes confuses your values. The image should be able to work in black and white first or color is pointless.


Working Art


Line & Contour

The placement of strong lines is one of the most important skills one can learn as an artist. Grounding your subject in space and place them accurately within your design. Composition is very important.

Structural Drawing

Training your eye to see perspective more accurately working with geometric shapes.

The Plumb Line

The plumb-lines help us to place our landmarks and proportions, of the figure or landscape we are looking at, into its correct placement on our paper.


Becoming more comfortable with various materials, will help you gain more control over the value ranges in your drawings. Practicing drawing a range of values using charcoal, ink and more will aid you in capturing shadows, highlights and transitional areas.


Form is one of the most challenging elements to capture accurately in drawing. Blocking in forms of all shapes, analyzing light and shadow defining each item.

Working on a Toned Ground

Explore new value-building skills with toned ground. Tone papers or just adding tone to your white paper before drawing. Play with values from lightest lights and darkest darks creating a range of value with tone.

Color Media

Exploring the use of color in your drawings adding subtle color to your work with different mediums by blending, shading and working with value colored pencils, watercolor-based media and more.


October 2018
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