Shadow and Shape

Washington and Grant

The quick anatomy of light logic’s four main parts:

  1. The Highlight. The Highlight is the brightest light on the page or object. This is the area where light falls at its most direct on the object.
  2. The Crest Shadow. This is the shadow that falls on the curved portion of a rounded object. It covers the zone between the highlight and the reflected light. Rarely is it one shade of shadow like it looks here. It’s usually darkest at the point farthest from both highlight and reflected light. It’s also the key in conveying three dimensionality in an object.
  3. Reflected Light. Look for this tricky and somewhat sneaky light on any surface. (It’s actually light reflected from the environment and other surrounding objects.)
  4. Cast Shadow. The object stands between the light and its foundation (i.e. what the object rests on.) The cast shadow is usually the darkest shadow.
  5. Squint your eyes.
  6. Notice howshapes of light and dark – not lines – suggest roundness, curvature and depth of the subject
  7. the contrast of light and shadow that contribute a great deal to your perception of depth
  8. Degas copy: Highlights run from the brightest white (actually manila) of the paper to near black – which is just the piling on of layer after layer of pencil lead (look deep in the beard section).
  9. Shades or valuesof tone range from everything in between made by simple cross-hatching, rubbing, and even erasing into the paper.
  10. cross-hatching, you’ll see areas where the pencil is just layered over and over to achieve a near black
  11. Adding ground-To create highlights, all you do is erase into the ground and the natural brightness of the paper comes through.
  12. one or more tones that forms a shape
  13. value scale of grays from dark to light – or low value to high value: 

            From black to white and nine shades in between

  1. Seeing shadow as shape

 

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